Mahogany is the common name for the Meliaceae, a widely distribute family of chiefly tropical shrubs and tress, often having scented wood. Mahogany is obtained from many members of the family, which grows in scattered areas throughout the world. In Asia, the wood of the chinaberry tree (Melia azedarach) is also used for lumber. The name mahogany is also given to numerous unrelated tropical trees that provide similar lumber.

Traditionally, mahogany was first introduced to England from the West Indies when Sir Walter Raleigh had a mahogany table made for Queen Elizabeth I; the popularity of the wood increased steadily in the 18th century. The different mahoganies vary in color from golden to deep red brown; most are close-grained and resistant to termites.

The wood is strong and dense. It will dent with a sharp hit from a solid blunt object. It has slightly less durability than Red Oak. Medium textured wood with a straight and even grain with the combination of strength and rot resistant properties, mahogany is used for high quality and reproduction furniture, fine furniture, cabinet making, plywood, turning, boat building, outdoor furniture. Whilst excellent in kiln-dried lumber, mahogany can be air-seasoned and kiln dried without appreciable warping or checking.